International Recognition of the Yazidi Genocide
The following states and entities have recognized that ISIS is committing genocide against the Yazidis:
1- Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on 27 January 2016 – Adopted a resolution noting “that many of these recent terrorist attacks are claimed by, and may be attributed to, individuals who act in the name of the terrorist entity which calls itself “Islamic State” (Daesh) and who have perpetrated acts of genocide and other serious crimes punishable under international law. States should act on the presumption that Daesh commits genocide and should be aware that this entails action under the 1948 United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.”
2- Kurdistan Regional Government Foreign Minister Falah Mustafa in November 2014: “We are committed to taking all the necessary steps to end, prosecute and punish the acts of genocide and crimes against humanity committed by the ISIS terrorists. The principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) obliges individual states and the international community to take effective measures to punish and prevent acts of genocide and crimes against humanity, if necessary also by military intervention or support of the local forces combating ISIS.”
3- European Parliament on 4 February 2016 – Passed a resolution which “Expresse[d] its view that the persecution, atrocities and international crimes amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity; stresses that the so-called ‘ISIS/Daesh’ is committing genocide against Christians and Yazidis, and other religious and ethnic minorities, who do not agree with the so-called ‘ISIS/Daesh’ interpretation of Islam and that this therefore entails action under the 1948 United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide; underlines the fact that those who intentionally, for ethnic or religious reasons, conspire in, plan, incite, commit or attempt to commit, are complicit in or support atrocities should be brought to justice and prosecuted for violations of international law, notably war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.”
4- US House of Representatives on 14 March 2016 – Voted 393 to 0 declaring that “the atrocities perpetrated by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) against Christians, Yezidis, and other religious and ethnic minorities in Iraq and Syria constitute war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide” and “governments, including the United States, and international organizations, including the United Nations and the Office of the Secretary-General, should call ISIL atrocities by their rightful names: war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide;”
5- US Secretary of State John Kerry on 17 March 2016 – “My purpose in appearing before you today is to assert that, in my judgment, Daesh is responsible for genocide against groups in areas under its control, including Yezidis, Christians, and Shia Muslims. Daesh is genocidal by self-proclamation, by ideology, and by actions – in what it says, what it believes, and what it does. Daesh is also responsible for crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing directed at these same groups and in some cases also against Sunni Muslims, Kurds, and other minorities.”
6- UK House of Commons 20 April 2016 – The House voted 278-0 and declared that “this House believes that Christians, Yazidis, and other ethnic and religious minorities in Iraq and Syria are suffering genocide at the hands of Daesh; and calls on the Government to make an immediate referral to the UN Security Council with a view to conferring jurisdiction upon the International Criminal Court so that perpetrators can be brought to justice.”
7- United Nations Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic on 15 June 2016 – Issued a report on ISIS crimes committed against the Yazidis in which it concluded that “ISIS has committed the crime of genocide as well as multiple crimes against humanity and war crimes against the Yazidis, thousands of whom are held captive in the Syrian Arab Republic where they are subjected to almost unimaginable horrors.”
8- Canadian House of Commons on 16 June 2016 – Then Minister of Foreign Affairs Stéphane Dion declared in the House of Commons Chamber that “[g]iven this evidence, our government believes that genocide against the Yezidis is currently ongoing.” See House of Commons, Debates, 1st Session, 42nd Parliament, 16 June 2016, p. 1420 (Hon. Stéphane Dion (Minister of Foreign Affairs)).
9- French Senate on 6 December 2016 – The French Senate unanimously adopted a resolution recognizing that the acts committed by ISIS against Yazidis constitute genocide, urging the French Government to recognize the genocide as well.
10- French National Assembly 8 December 2016 – Members of the National Assembly (which, together with the Senate, constitutes the French Parliament) voted unanimously to pass a resolution recognizing the IS massacre against the Yazidis as genocide and urging the Government of France to officially recognize the genocide of Yazidis by ISIS and refer it to the International Criminal Court through the UN Security Council.
11- Scottish Parliament 23 March 2017 – The Scottish Parliament recognized and condemned “the genocide perpetrated against the Yazidi people by Daesh” and noted the calls on the UK Government to “request that the UN Security Council refer the genocide committed against the Yazidi people to the International Criminal Court”.
12- Iraq Government 18 November 2014– Council of Ministers in Iraq adopted a decision on 18 November 2014 to recognise ISIS crimes against Yazidis, Christians, Shabak and other minorities as genocide.